While IVF was originally designed to bypass blocked or damaged fallopian tubes, its application has been extended to male factor infertility, unexplained infertility, or failure of conventional treatment such as ovulation induction with intrauterine insemination.

The process involves stimulation of the ovaries to obtain multiple egg development and the removal of those eggs by ultrasound guided needle aspiration. The patient is given anesthesia for the procedure which takes fifteen to twenty minutes.

After the eggs are isolated in the laboratory and the partner's sperm is prepared, the eggs are either inseminated or injected with the sperm. The resulting embryos are cultured in the incubator and evaluated daily.

The embryos are returned to the uterus in three to five days by a thin soft catheter. Blastocysts are embryos in a more advanced state of development and commonly developed by the fifth day in culture. Blastocysts are often the hardiest embryos and are more likely to be of good quality.

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)

During in vitro fertilization it is sometimes necessary to select a normal appearing live sperm and inject it into the egg. This process is performed with special micro-pipettes under microscopic control. This enhances fertilization in cases of very low sperm count, poor motility or those cases with a high percentage of abnormal sperm.

Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PDG)

Selected embryos are sometimes evaluated for specific genetic diseases or abnormalities prior to transfer.

At Westchester Fertility & Reproductive Endocrinology, IVF, PGD, ICSI – is done under one roof. We have a complete IVF Lab & Surgery facilities for your convenience.


I was referred to Dr. Michael Blotner over nine years ago. Dr. Blotner has been my Reproductive Endocrinologist ever since. He is professional, caring and a brilliant doctor in his areas of specialty. I highly recommend Dr. Blotner and his staff to anyone who's considering a Reproductive Endocrinologist in the Westchester area (White Plains, NY).

Reviewer: Michelle

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